Aunque ya hicimos un post en general sobre las plantas del jardín japonés, iremos tratando de forma específica cada una de ellas. Si existe una que relacionamos rápidamente con estos jardines, esa es el arce palmado (Acer palmatum).
Japanese Garden Plants: Japanese Maple
Although we did a post on general Japanese garden plants, we will specifically trying each. If there is one that quickly relate these gardens, that is maple (Acer palmatum).
Acer palmatum, called Japanese Maple, and in Japanese: irohamomiji (イロハモミジ), or momiji (紅葉) is a species of woody plant native to Japan, and South Korea. Acer palmatum is a small tree reaching heights of 8 to 10 m, rarely 15 m. Leaves are 4–12 cm, and with five, seven, or nine lobes. Leaves are green to purple, turning bright red in autumn. Flowers are produced in small cymes, with five red or purple sepals and five whitish petals. The fruit is a pair of winged samaras, each samara 2–3 cm long with a 6–8 mm seed. Seeds require stratification in order to germinate.
We Identify three subspecies: A. p. subsp. palmatum (central and southern Japan), A. p. subsp. amoenum (higher altitudes in Japan and Korea) and A. p. subsp. matsumurae (in Japan at higher altitudes). 1,000 cultivars are recognized, phenotypically selected according to size, shape, color, and texture of the leaves and bark color and growth patterns. They are looking for among other things the strong seasonal color change of the leaves or even the trunk. They can stand atropurpureum colors, orange dream, katsura, Karasu gawa (see attached photos).
Although growth will depend on the cultivar in question, we may note that Acer palmatum is a species that requires shaded areas, deep soil, moist but well-drained and fertile. Prefers acidic soils. No excess moisture tolerant continuously, which usually causes fungal problems at roots.